The areas along the vast coastline of India have diversified conditions related to soil, rainfall, water resource, agricultural, horticultural and forest crops, fisheries etc. The area is rich in diversified natural resources but the people are some of poorest in the country.
The need for formation of such a society was strongly felt by all the delegates who attended the two conferences on 'Problems and Management of Coastal Saline Soils of India' held at Calcutta and Panvel (Bombay) in 1979 and 1981, respectively. It was unanimously expressed that there should be an appropriate common scientific forum in the form of a society to discuss and exchange experience gained under different agro-climatic conditions with ultimate objective of finding tangible solutions to the local problems, which are unique to coastal areas. Thus the Society came into existence in the year 1983 with its headquarter at Central Soil Salinity Research Institute, Regional Research Station Canning Town in the state of West Bengal, India.
One of the important activities of the society is the publication of a scientific journal called, ‘The Journal of the Indian Society of Coastal Agricultural Research' published half yearly. The Society organizes national/international Symposiums/Seminars where scientists and researchers working on the problems of coastal areas in the field of agriculture and allied subjects all over the country/world meet to interact and deliberate on the problems and their solutions.